Vocabulary For IELTS 2024 part 2

A strong vocabulary is essential for speaking English well. The fourth component of the four-part IELTS exam is the Speaking section, which assesses your English language proficiency in terms of vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, and fluency. In IELTS speaking exams, themes come up in sections 2 and 3, when you are required to expound on a predetermined theme.

Environment-Related IELTS Vocabulary

Habitat:- Meaning: The natural habitat of a living being. Collocations: Protecting a habitat, causing harm to a habitat, losing a habitat Use: A wild animal would rather be in its natural environment than a zoo.

Biodegradable:- Meaning: Decomposable materials that organisms can break down to avoid contamination Biodegradable and non-biodegradable trash collocations Use: In order to make compost, biodegradable trash should be buried.

Biodiversity:- Meaning: The variety and concentration of plants and animals in a particular location Collocations: Protect biodiversity, mitigate its decline Use: Maintaining biodiversity is essential to fostering a healthy ecosystem.

Ecosystem:- Meaning: Living organisms that have an impact on the environment’s ability to operate, such as plants and animals, within a given area Collocations: marine ecosystem, protect the ecosystem, and preserve the ecosystem The decline in the marine ecology can be attributed to

Pollution:- Meaning: A variety of activities caused environmental harm. Collocations: Pollution of the air, water, and soil; Use of garbage and litter can cause high pollution levels that disrupt the ecosystem

Deforestation:-Meaning: Trees that are chopped down or uprooted as a result of human or natural activity Illegal and widespread deforestation are examples of collocations. Usage: Deforestation on a large scale contributes to soil erosion, global warming, and changes in air quality.

Global Warming:-Meaning: The Earth’s atmosphere warms as a result of greenhouse gas emissions. Collocations: Address global warming, fight global warming, see global warming increase
Usage: One of the main causes of climate change and ozone depletion is global warming.

Extinct:- Meaning: The extinction of a species Collocations: Virtually extinct, go extinct, go extinct, and extinction of species Usage – Many species have gone extinct due to climate change and poaching

Overpopulation:- Meaning: A certain area’s population that is more above the safe limit Collocations: Overpopulated nation, rising levels of overcrowding Use: A nation’s overpopulation may cause its natural resources to become scarce

Acid rain:-Signification: Any type of precipitation that contains acid rain Collocations: acid rainfall, acid rain generation Application Acid rain is becoming more frequent, which is harming the local flora and animals, contaminating water supplies, and degrading the air quality.

Radiation:-Meaning: A highly hazardous form of energy released by nuclear reactions Collocations: Nuclear and cosmic radiation Usage: Radiation from nuclear reactors can cause serious health problems for people.

Greenhouse Effect:-Meaning: The retention of heat within Earth’s atmosphere as a result of carbon emissions, such as those of carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) Place-Based – The reasons behind the greenhouse effect Usage: The greenhouse effect damages Earth by raising its temperature and causing natural calamities. Mitigating your carbon footprint can aid in protecting the environment from this impact.

Toxic Waste:-Meaning: Waste materials resulting from chemical and industrial operations Collocations: Extraction, treatment, and disposal of toxic waste Usage: Preventing water contamination requires the removal of hazardous liquid waste.

Sustainable:-Meaning: Long-term, environmentally-friendly activities that can be sustained with little to no harm Collocations: sustainable growth, sustainable activities, and sustainable energy Use: In order to save the planet for next generations ,we must follow sustainable practices.

Conservation:- Meaning: Conscientious resource use and conservation Collocations: Preservation of wildlife, preservation of resources Use: To preserve their survival, endangered species need to be safeguarded and conserved.

Afforestation:- Significance: The act of planting trees Use: Planting trees is a crucial action that everyone ought to take to save the environment.

Renewable Energy:- Meaning: Energy that can be generated in a sustainable manner without requiring the use of fossil fuels Collocations: Sources of renewable energy, industry of renewable energy, demand for renewable energy Use: Using renewable energy is the best course of action for maintaining and safeguarding the environment.

Recycling:-Meaning: Using things cyclically or frequently to cut down on waste Collocations: Reusing garbage, recycling plastic
Usage: When disposing of and collecting rubbish from households, recyclable materials should be kept apart.

Fashion Vocabulary IELTS

wardrobe— the collection of clothes in your closet that you normally wear.

strong colours — the opposite of pastel colours

trendy — fashionable

smart-casual — casual but clean and stylish 

outfit — a coordinated set of clothes

pricey — costly (informal)

old-school – something that is traditional or old-fashioned (but not very old)

baggy — loose 

antique — old (about things), unique and traditional style]

eccentric clothes — unusual, out-of-the-ordinary attire

trending jeans — ripped 

Hipster — a trendy person 

sloppy — loose-fitting and casual

brand loyalty — a consumer’s emotionally charged decision to buy a certain brand or known company over and over again 

Catwalk — the platform on which modals walk to show off the latest ready-to-wear trends

Personality Vocabulary IELTS

bend over backwards: to try hard to assist someone

broad-minded: willing to accept others’ perspectives or behaviours

to be the life and soul of the party: a fun and outgoing person who is the centre and encouraging soul of an activity

easygoing: unfazed and unconcerned about anything

extrovert: a person who enjoys being in the company of others

fun-loving: to love having a good time

fair-mindedness: the ability to treat people fairly.

painfully shy: terribly shy

hiding one’s light under a bushel: to conceal one’s abilities and talents

good sense of humour: the ability to recognise and appreciate the humour

introvert: a shy person 

to lose one’s temper: to become enraged immediately 

two-faced: not truthful or honest. When they are present, they will say one thing to them and another when they are not.

thick-skinned: a person who is unaffected by criticism.

to take after: to resemble or be like (often another member of the family)

self-effacing: not attempting to attract others’ notice (particularly in terms of concealing one’s skills or abilities).

self-centred: solely thinks of oneself


In the nexus of personality, fashion, and environment lies the blueprint for a sustainable future. Our individuality is intricately tied to our fashion choices, which in turn impact the environment. By prioritizing authenticity, conscious consumption, and environmental stewardship, we can shape a world where personal expression flourishes alongside environmental health

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